Not necessarily; infertility is defined as being unable to conceive after trying to become pregnant for 12 or more consecutive months, or six or more consecutive months if you're 35 years of age or older. Issues like illness and stress can also interfere with conception, so not being able to get pregnant after just a few months of trying may not be anything to worry about.
Infertility can be caused by a variety of issues affecting both men and women. Most male fertility problems are related to issues with the quality, quantity or motility of sperm. For women, some of the most common causes of infertility include:
Problems that prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs normally, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Uterine adhesions (scars), large fibroids or polyps
Endometriosis, which causes uterine tissue to grow outside the uterus
Heavy mucus production in the cervix
Abnormalities within the uterine structure or lining
Chemotherapy or radiation treatments
Some chronic health conditions and genetic issues may also cause infertility.
There are many tests available for diagnosing the causes of infertility, including blood tests, semen analysis, ultrasound imaging and minimally-invasive office-based exams to evaluate the structure of the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. At Bay Area Obstetrics & Gynecology, we'll determine the most appropriate tests to use based on the health histories of you and your partner.
Today, there are more options than ever for treating infertility and facilitating conception, including infertility drugs, in vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI, also called artificial insemination) and other techniques. Your treatment will be based on the results of your tests to ensure the best chances of conception.