Today, women have several options when it comes to birth control. In addition to birth control pills, implantable IUDs, arm implants and diaphragms are all available, as well as tubal ligations for more permanent birth control. The best way to determine which option is the best one for your needs and your lifestyle is to schedule an office visit so you can learn about all your choices.
No, all of these options are designed solely to help prevent pregnancy, and not to prevent transmission of an STD.
IUDs are small T-shaped devices that can be implanted in a quick procedure performed right in the office. The procedure begins just like a pelvic exam: You'll lie on your back, and a speculum will be used to widen the vaginal canal gently. The IUD will be placed into your uterus through the cervical opening. A local anesthetic can be injected into the cervix to prevent possible discomfort if needed. The IUD features a long plastic tail that hangs down into the vaginal canal. Because there is a slight chance, an IUD could become displaced and fall out. you should feel for this tail to ensure the IUD is still in place before having intercourse.
Diaphragms fit over your cervix – the opening of your uterus – to prevent sperm from entering. Diaphragm fitting is completed like a pelvic exam, using a speculum to widen the vaginal canal so your cervix can be accessed. Different sizes of diaphragms are “tried on” your cervix to achieve the best possible fit. When using a diaphragm, it's also important to use a spermicide to provide extra protection.